What is an Anxiety Disorder?
Stress and anxiety are a normal part of life for everyone. Sometimes however anxiety becomes much more than that. Anxiety can become a constant feeling within people with anxiety disorders. Not all anxiety disorders involve panic attacks, however in some such as agoraphobia and panic disorder the panic attack is a very large issue within the disorder. A panic attack isn't just a bad case of nerves. It isn't feeling really nervous before an interview. When a panic attack occurs it's not just a psychological response, the symptoms involved are physical as well. There isn't a sure cause of panic attacks. Sometimes it seems that genetics are involved other times environmental factors and /or life events. It is not uncommon for panic attacks to start after periods of stress or trauma. Panic attacks can be very scary. They can leave a person worrying about what is wrong with them. Especially when they first arise and a person has no idea what the attacks are.
Below are some psychological and physical symptoms of a panic attack. No one will get all of these symptoms but a panic attack does involve some of them:
Physical Symptoms of panic attacks are:
- Heart palpitations
- Feeling as though you are choking or can't swallow
- Shortness of breath
- Feeling out of the body (unreality feeling)
- Hold cold flushes
Psychological Symptoms of panic attacks are:
- Fear of going crazy
There are different kinds of anxiety disorders. They differ in the behaviour, fear and circumstances surrounding the anxiety or panic attacks. Below is a brief description of some of the anxiety disorders.
Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. (OCD)
Obsessive compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder which involves reaccurring unwanted ideas and thoughts (obsessions) and a need or impulse to do something to releive the discomfort brought on by these thoughts (compulsions) The obsessions that a person with OCD has cause the person marked anxiety. It is in the person attempts to lesson the anxiety that the compulsions occue. For example someone with OCD may have an obsession with cleanliness for example, may clean methodically everything in sight, possibly even themselves, to lesson their anxiety caused by thoughts of germs and uncleanliness.